End-of-Life Matters

Welcome to our repository of information on end-of-life matters in Singapore. Kindly note that this is not an exhaustive nor prescriptive list, but a compilation of materials for ease of public access.

All information is correct at the time of publishing.

Plan and Apply

What to Activate

Source: Adapted from Agency for Integrated Care

You may also like to visit My Legacy website, a government initiative, where you will find relevant information on end-of-life related matters, as well as a secured vault where you can store your wishes and plans (e.g. Advance Care Planning; funeral wishes) and share it with your loved ones via the site.

Advance Care Planning

What is Advance Care Planning?

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is a national programme that aims to empower Singaporeans to choose how they would like to be cared for. It is the process of planning for one’s current and future healthcare. It helps individuals to communicate their values and how these values shape their healthcare preferences, to people important to them and their healthcare team. If the individual is no longer able to make decisions or speak for themselves, the ACP guides the decision-makers to act in their best interest.

Individuals are encouraged to participate in this programme at any stage of their lives. It is not only limited to those who are elderly or at the end of life .

Source: Source: Agency for Integrated Care website

How to participate in the ACP programme?

Lasting Power of Attorney

What is the Lasting Power of Attorney?

The Lasting Power of Attorney (LPA) is a legal document, which allows a person who is at least 21 years of age (‘donor’), to voluntarily appoint one or more persons (‘donee(s)’) to make decisions and act on his/her behalf if he/she loses mental capacity one day. A donee can be appointed to act in the two broad areas of personal welfare, and property and affairs matters. The LPA is overseen by the Office of the Public Guardian under the Ministry of Social and Family Development.

Source: Ministry of Social and Family Development website

Advance Medical Directive

What is the Advance Medical Directive?

An Advance Medical Directive (AMD) is a legal document that you sign in advance to inform the doctor treating you (in the event that you become terminally ill and unconscious) that you do not want any extraordinary life-sustaining treatment to be used to prolong your life. Making an AMD is a voluntary decision. It is entirely up to you whether you wish to make one. In fact, it is a criminal offence for any person to force you to make one against your will. The AMD is overseen by the Registrar of Advance Medical Directives under the Ministry of Health.

Source: Ministry of Health website

How to apply for an AMD?

Central Provident Fund Nomination Scheme

What is the Central Provident Fund Nomination scheme?

A Central Provident Fund (CPF) nomination provides CPF members with the option to specify who will receive their CPF savings, and how much each nominee should receive, upon their demise. You should make a CPF nomination if you want to distribute your CPF savings according to your wishes when you pass on. Without a nomination, your CPF savings will be distributed by the Public Trustee’s Office to the legally entitled beneficiaries (who are usually family members and next-of-kin) under the Intestate Succession Act or the Inheritance Certificate (for Muslims).

Source: Central Provident Fund website

How to apply?

Visit the Central Provident Fund website for more information, and to make a CPF nomination.

Will Planning

What is a Will?

A will documents how your loved one would like to distribute their money and possessions (also called their estate) after they have passed on. Upon death, you and your family can apply to the Courts for a Grant of Probate to distribute the estate according to the will. If no will is made, the estate will be distributed according to the Intestate Succession Act or Inheritance Certificate (for Muslims).

For Muslims, the distribution of estate closely follows the Islamic Law on Inheritance, also known as Faraidh law. A will is prepared only to bequest up to 1/3 of your assets to anyone except your lawful heirs. The balance after the distribution of the Will should rightfully be distributed according to Faraidh law.

Source: Agency for Integrated Care website

Human Organ Transplant Act

What is the Human Organ Transplant Act ?

The Human Organ Transplant Act (HOTA) allows for the kidneys, heart, liver and corneas to be removed, for transplantation, in the event of death from any cause.

HOTA covers all Singapore Citizens and Permanent Residents 21 years old and above, who do not have mental disorders unless they have opted out.

There are 2 ways you can donate your organs:

1 Human Organ Transplant Act

2 Medical (Therapy, Education and Research) Act (MTERA)

How do I opt out of HOTA?

Complete the HOTA Opt Out Form and send it to the National Organ Transplant Unit.

How do I opt back into HOTA if I opted out before?

Complete the Withdrawal of Objection Form and send it to the National Organ Transplant Unit. Do note that you will not receive priority should you require an organ transplant.

Medical (Therapy, Education and Research) Act (MTERA)

What is the Medical (Therapy, Education and Research) Act?

Medical (Therapy, Education and Research) Act (MTERA) is an opt-in scheme, where people can pledge their organs or any body parts for transplant, education or research, after they have passed away.

How do I opt into MTERA?

You can pledge your organs by completing the Organ Donation Pledge Form and sending it to the National Organ Transplant Unit.

What is the difference between HOTA and MTERA?

Age 21 years old and above 18 years and above
The adult next-of-kin can also pledge the organs of deceased patients of any age for donation.
Organs included Kidney
All organs and tissues including skin and bone.
Purpose(s) Transplant Transplant and treatment
Nationality Singapore Citizens and PRs Any nationality
Religion Any religion
Muslims were included under HOTA from 1 August 2008.
Any religion
For Muslims, MUIS has issued fatwas stating that the donation of kidney, liver, heart and cornea is permissible.
Consent Opt out
People who meet the above criteria will be automatically included under HOTA unless they register their objection.
Opt in
People need to opt in and pledge their organs/tissues for donation under this scheme.

When Death Happens

We understand that when death happens, it can be emotional and difficult and you might be overwhelmed navigating through the plethora of administrative and legal matters.

Visit My Legacy website for the key steps when death happens.